What is combined chlorine?

“Undesirable, foul-smelling, body irritating compounds formed when insufficient levels of free available chlorine react with ammonia and other nitrogen containing compounds (swimmer and bather waste, fertilizer, perspiration, urine, etc.). Combined chlorine is still a disinfectant but it is a much weaker, ineffective form of chlorine.” IPSSA Basic Training Manual, 2006 pg 172 Glossary

Combined chlorine is treated by adding more chlorine until the “break point”  is reached. “Breakpoint chlorination is the process of adding sufficient free available chlorine to completely oxidize all organic matter and ammonia or nitrogen compounds in the water.”  IPPSA Basic Training Manual, 2006, pg 168 Glossary

Shock treatment is the practice of adding significant amounts of an oxidizing chemical (usually non-chlorine oxidizers such as sodium persulfate or potassium peroxomonosulfate) to the water to destroy ammonia and nitrogen compounds or swimmer waste.” IPPSA Basic Training Manual, 2006 pg 188 Glossary



AZ Pool Resurfacing Options!

“Mini-Pebble” surfaces have increased dramatically in popularity including being installed in most commercial pools. An inviting selection of colors and textures allow pool owners to express their unique Style. StoneScapes® combines artistry with durability and comfort to create the perfect finish for any pool or spa.

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The newest innovative most modern blend available in today’s market. Using the smallest sized micro pebble enhanced with the radiant brilliance of iridescent, multi-hued, gem-like glass crystals of Pebble Radiance and abalone shell. Vibrant water hues and ultra smooth finish completes the look and feel of this new interior pool finish.